Pain Mangament


Pain Management: A role for Music Therapy

For many years music has been widely incorporated in relaxation programmes as a means to help people de-stress and access a more relaxed state. However, its widespead use in the management of pain is less well established. Nevertheless extensive research has been performed to determine its affects on pain relief.

A Cochrane review by Cepeda et al., (2006) concluded that that listening to music has been shown to reduce pain intensity levels and opioid requirements. However, the authors cautioned that the clinical importance of this benefit is unclear as the magnitude of these benefits are small.


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Cepeda M., Carr D., Lau J., Alvarez H. (2006)

Music for pain relief.

Cochrane Collaberation, Cochrane Reviews

Online Reviews:

Accessed: 31st January 2010




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Joint Pain Relief

The original term came from the Greek arthralgia (literal translation: joint pain) is a symptom of injury, infection, illness or secondary to an allergic reaction. Joint pain and restricted movement are frequently reported with musculoskeletal conditions. This common condition may result from several known causes which range from a direct trauma or can result from underlying conditions such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.